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Aging is a continuous process which leads to loss of skin elasticity, volume depletion, loosening of skin and soft tissue. These signs of aging first become apparent over face giving an elderly look. With all these changes, skin over the face and neck starts becoming lax leading to appearance of wrinkles over cheeks. The folds between cheek and nose starts becoming deep (prominent nasolabial folds) and skin over cheeks starts hanging below the jaw line (prominent jowls).
Face lift surgery popularly called as “Rhytidectomy”, is done to redistribute the facial fat, repositioning of the loose muscle of facial skeleton and to lift the sagging skin which helps to turn back the ageing clock thus regaining your rejuvenated and youthful look of your face.
Face lifts are usually performed on patients in the age groups of 40-60 years but can be done safely with good results on properly selected older individuals as well.
Though each person age differently but some of the common features of facial aging that can be corrected with facelift surgery are:
Though face lift surgery improves the ageing changes of lower two thirds of face, aiming for natural results is of utmost importance. It is therefore important to understand that this surgery is meant to soften deep creases over the face and to remove fine lines and not to pull your facial skin excessively tight to make your wrinkles disappear completely.
There are many types of face lift surgeries like traditional face lift, mini facelift, full facelift, MACS face lift but the main principle in all these surgeries is to reposition the facial structures back to their anatomical position and to excise the loose extra skin to give a lifted and rejuvenated look.
Incision of face lift surgery are usually made in a very strategic way in hidden parts of your face within hair line and in front of ear so that the incisions lie in natural skin creases there by concealing the scars which are not visible eventually. With passage of time the scar with proper care fades and are difficult to point out.
Face lift surgery is usually done in general anesthesia but can be done in IV sedation also. Duration of procedure can be anywhere between 2- 5 hours depending upon the severity of sagging tissues and type of face lift planned.
During recovery period one may expect some swelling and bruising over face which usually subside in 7-10 days. Pain is usually minimal and can be managed with oral medications. Patient will be advised to keep their head elevated while lying down for few days. Most of the patient can resume normal daily routine in 7 to 10 days but strenuous physical activities should have to be avoided for little longer to help proper healing.
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